An Open Letter to Facebook:

An Open Letter to Facebook:


My name is Lillyth Quillan and I am the founder of the support group Parents of Children with Conduct Disorder (PCCD). For over six years PCCD has been helping parents with children who exhibit early signs of psychopathy. We don’t do trigger warnings in PCCD because our whole lives are trigger warnings. Consider yourself trigger warned. There will be nothing happy or safe about reading this letter, but read it you must.

You may remember me, Facebook. In 2018, you tweeted a quote from my piece in The Atlantic, The Isolating Life of Parenting a Potential Psychopath about how alone parents like me were before we found each other on Facebook, through PCCD.

Since you tweeted me back in 2018, in PCCD, things have chugged along as usual. Families are abused and assaulted every day. Hardly anyone but the parents themselves are trying to stop these kids from harming others. We get endless judgement and blame from those around us who should be trying to help us the most; friends, the schools, neighbors. The only help we truly have is from each other, through your platform.

The COVID pandemic has been especially unkind to us. In-home assaults have increased approximately four-fold. Some treatment centers and other forms of alternative care have shut down and sent violent children home. Many in-person therapies have been cancelled. Now more than ever, we rely on each other for support.

I guess we will simply do as we have always done.

Remain the only people in the world who try to hold our kids accountable while everyone else around blames us for the abuse and manipulation to which we are subjected. We will do this despite the dramatic rise in violence, and drastic decrease in support.

We’re used to it. Used to waking in the middle of the night with our children standing over us with knives. Used to locks on every door.

But now, we have a new problem, a very big problem.

In a bid to keep everyone safe from people like our children, you have been removing posts and comments from the PCCD group. Most recently about a child sexually abusing a pet. There is no way for an Admin to review and correct this action. Admins can’t say the post or comment was acceptable, nor can we remove members from 30-day post approval once you have done this.

During the last week of December, a parent’s comment was removed. All it said was the parent’s child had had sex with a dog. Just one sentence. The parent did not advocate for this behavior, nor did they condone it.

They simply reported what had happened.

What makes PCCD work, and other support groups like it, is that we can talk to each other. REAL talk. About the trauma, stress, abuse, violence, assaults to which we are all subjected.

What help is there for parents who are regularly hit, kicked, punched, attacked and otherwise assaulted by their children?

We can’t help parents help their kids to stop doing horrible things like this if we can’t talk about it. And we can’t talk about these things, if we can’t talk freely.

We cannot be the only support group going through this.

Look around you. What REAL help is there for victims of violence, of any kind? 50 minutes a week to talk to someone? Give me a break. We are subjected to abuse nearly every day. In some cases, nearly every hour. That’s not even enough time for the most savvy of professionals to untangle what happened in the last 24 hours, let alone the last week!

If you want to know who does the actual work of healing people subjected to abuse, it’s other people who have been subjected to the same kinds of shared trauma and experiences, and have been kind enough to pay it forward to help the next person going through what they have already gone through. We can’t help keep each other safe, let alone heal if we can’t talk openly about those experiences.

I am asking you to create a special group designation on your platform.

Communities Subjected to Abuse.

Where the admins of those groups are able to monitor the posts and comments themselves, governed by rules that work for their communities. We don’t do trigger warnings in PCCD. Some groups might need that. But each community needs to make that call for themselves.

I am happy to have a process by which this takes place. Even an annual review to make sure the group is what we say it is. Whatever I need to do to prove to you we’re not allowing discussions that promote the harm of anyone, consider it done. I understand the necessity of community standards and making sure we’re not allowing discussions that promote the harm of anyone on your platform. But you cannot expect victims to heal if we must parse our words.

Case in point: I posted this very letter, minus this paragraph, in PCCD, asking for approval from my community before I published to social media. I was given a warning from Facebook for going against community standards and told if I had another violation I would be placed on probation. I used the function to appeal, and you apologized, but you are literally keeping me from communicating with my group about how best to help them. This must stop, and it must stop NOW.

PCCD group members MUST be free to share what their children do in their own homes if we ever hope to help them stop their children from repeating these crimes outside our homes. After our kids get done practicing on us… Well, I’m sure you don’t need me to spell that one out for you.

Help those of us engaged in the work of healing and supporting people and communities subjected to abuse do our work. Let us help each other heal. Let us help each other stop further violence. Let support groups support their members.

The world will be a better place for it.

That’s What Little Girls Are Made Of

This blog article was written by a former member of PCCD specifically for use in my blog.  The story below is not mine, but shares the persepctive of a mother of a girl with Conduct Disorder.

Roughly 30% of the membership for Parents of Children with Conduct Disorder (PCCD) are GIRLS.

Conduct Disorder and Psychopathy do not only exist in males.  It is time we stopped pretending that is the case.

“You have such a lovely daughter.”

“She is so well behaved.”

“What a sweet girl. You must be so proud.”

These are quotes from strangers about my daughter. I want to tell them my daughter is none of these things. I want to say she doesn’t know you so she hides who she truly is behind a mask of shy deference. I want to explain that if she gets too familiar with you, she will use you to get what she wants; she will harm you.  She does not care about you or your feelings.

Society wants to believe that children are innocent angels. Girls generally are never thought to even have the potential for anything other than sweetness and light. Remember the nursery rhyme, “Sugar and spice and everything nice. That’s what little girls are made of”?

After all, it is the girls who grow up to be mothers. We all know that mothers are awesome creatures, full of love and devotion to the nth degree. Society doesn’t want to imagine that little girls could ever be anything horrible. The typical benefit of the doubt children normally receive is over the top for our daughters. While most children deserve that sheltering belief, a significant percentage do not.

I am here to tell you a different version of a daughter. My daughter is now in her mid-teens. She has Conduct Disorder.

In the last three years, she has torn apart a solid oak table, destroyed windows and doors. She has punched holes in walls, broken dishes, and appliances. She has attempted to make her brother with autism have a seizure because she thinks it would be funny. She has attempted to poison her family and the family pets. Her brother took the last Pop-Tart so she poured drain cleaner on his dog.  She choked my little dog to the point where his trachea collapsed because he wanted to sit on my lap instead of hers. She tried to set our elderly cat’s tail on fire because she wanted to hear him screech in pain. She has tried to murder me six times, the last attempt almost a success. She has a plan; one she constantly refines. One she whispers to me when she demands a hug in a public place, knowing I will cave to pressure and will allow her to touch me.

I can feel your derision. We must have done something to make her this way. She cannot think of these things on her own. She’s a child, for goodness sake. Children can’t be evil.

I hear your whispers and see the sideways glances when you see the bruises she has left on my body from her most recent rage-fest over something inconsequential. Why don’t I take this poor innocent child and leave my dreadful husband, your stares and whispers ask.

Pic 6

This “poor innocent” child is the one who did this to me and my so-called dreadful husband had his teeth knocked loose or broken trying to protect me.

Her father and I struggle to understand. We fight to obtain mental health care, only to watch her manipulate the staff into believing her to be a victim. We lock up all potential weapons and common household items out of fear that she will make good on her threats. We installed surveillance cameras in the common areas of the house. We lock our bedroom doors at night because we have woken to find her standing over us as we sleep.

My daughter’s lies have created chaos in our lives. We have been investigated multiple times by Child Protective Services, the local police department, and the Office of Internal Affairs at my husband’s place of employment. The lies have been small and large, and everything in between. She lies just because she wants to manipulate or gaslight. She thinks it is all hilariously funny. She enjoys creating havoc in the lives of those around her. She thrives on our anxiety and fear. She has filed false police reports that have led to Child Advocacy interviews. Each and every time we have been cleared of the allegations made against us. Seasoned police officers and investigators have said she is a threat to us. Every time we ask for help from the investigators. Every time we are told there is nothing they can do.

You see, there are no services available for people like us. There are no hotlines for a mother who is being beaten to a pulp by her underage child. The police will rarely get involved, even when called. I am not elderly so I do not qualify for the adult abuse line. My child is a minor so she gets away with it. The stern lecture from the officer who arrives on the scene only serves to make her more angry with me. It is not my husband who is beating me so I do not qualify for assistance from domestic violence groups.

My daughter is still classified as a child and so she cannot be given the diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder, the politically correct term used by psychiatrists for psychopathy. We have been told by some psychiatric professionals that there are no female psychopaths but we beg to differ. Her doctors tell us she is callous and unemotional, she does not have a conscience, and she has the hallmarks of full-blown Narcissistic Personality Disorder. We are told that she will only become better at hiding what she is and will ultimately kill someone. We are told that we must go no contact as soon as possible once she reaches adulthood, for our own safety and sanity.

In the support group, Parents of Children with Conduct Disorder, that I help admin, we have conducted an informal poll. The parents of girls in the group runs close to 37%. At last count, there were 744 members. Six of the members are husband and wife. The group effectively represents 741 children and of that number approximately 274 children are female. Most of those female children are every bit as violent as my own. Those parents hear the same thing that we do, day after day. We read the opinions that girls with CD are not as violent as the boys with the same diagnosis. Well, I call malarkey! My kid is more violent than many of the boys we see with CD. My daughter is just very good at putting on that instant mask. My daughter plays a great victim with the appropriate audience.

We must overcome the misconception that girls are not violent and that all children are innocent. We need domestic violence programs for parents of children with Conduct Disorder because it is domestic violence no matter whom the perpetrator. Parents are put into this horrific situation where we must protect ourselves, and oftentimes our other children, without the resources to do so. There are no consequences for the kids who abuse siblings and caregivers. We are forced into a situation where the violence levied against us is not recognized as being illegal or an offense. It is often overlooked due to society’s presumption that children are incapable of atrocity.  

There is only one treatment facility in the United States with any success rate, as of the writing of this blog article. There is such a minimal chance of her getting into that facility that the odds are more favorable for me to win the Powerball. I fear it may be too late for my daughter but I have hope for those parents and daughters who come after me. We must have treatment facilities for children like my daughter before the internal violence in our homes explodes outside to harm the children who really are innocent. Haven’t we lost enough of our children to prison or the grave due to the rage of another child? This must STOP.

My position as co-founder of the Society for Treatment Options for Potential Psychopaths has given me a unique perspective of what is possible when we all work together for the benefit of our families. It is completely possible to build an advocacy program for parents, build treatment programs for our children, and preschool programs for children exhibiting symptoms as early as two years old.  But in order to do any of this, we have to make it a priority in our society.

My passion for STOPP was born out of necessity. I want parents who are lost and overwhelmed to have solid programs such as those we are designing. We cannot do it without your help. Please consider donating to our startup campaign.  


The P Word and Why We Use It

The term psychopath seems to have divided the psychiatric community.  You are either in Camp Psychopath, or you are in Camp Antisocial Personality Disorder.

But the term psychopath does not just divide the treatment community.

Every few weeks we will hear from a parent or community member asking WHY we use the word psychopath.  Isn’t it too harsh?  Isn’t it too scary?  Shouldn’t we rethink the words we are using?

The truth is we here at the Society for Treatment Options for Potential Psychopaths have thought about our choice of words long and hard.

Does the word psychopath scare you?  GOOD.  It should do exactly that.  I don’t know that there is much on this planet more terrifying than someone who will hurt you and feel no remorse about it.

We don’t minimize Ebola by labeling it “Mildly Inconvenient Blood Borne Viral Syndrome.”  We should not minimize psychopathy in the same manner.

While we, of course, cannot label children as psychopaths, I think it is important that we never lose sight of what could happen should we fail to properly treat Conduct Disorder (CD).  Which is all but inevitable given that there is no treatment available for our kids.

We want the world to stand up and take notice.  We are screaming WE ARE ASKING YOU TO HELP US STOP OUR KIDS FROM BECOMING PSYCHOPATHS.

One of the hazards of parenting is that we are often blinded by our love for our children.

Which is another reason we choose to use the word psychopath.  Because we, as parents, must never lose sight of what could happen should we fail.

Should we fail, our children will grow up to hurt your children and be unmoved by your children’s suffering.  Not all psychopaths are physically violent, but emotional violence or violence in any form is unacceptable to us.  It should be unacceptable to you too.

Help us help keep your kids safe.  Donate today:

Happy Mother’s Day, You Useless Bitch

Mother’s Day is one of the biggest days in the restaurant industry.  Families take mom out so she doesn’t have to cook.  Moms get cards, love, praise, and pampering.

But moms who have kids with Conduct Disorder (CD)?  Most of us don’t go out.  We have no idea how our kids might behave, and the last thing we want to do on our supposed “special day” is manage (or even have to worry about) our kid’s behavior.

It is less exhausting to stay home and deal with violence and drama there than it is to go to a restaurant and worry about public judgment.  At least at home we won’t get the angry glares from the other parents out there who were lucky enough to hit the “good child” lottery.  We get condemnation about our parenting 364 other days a year.  We don’t need it on Mother’s Day too.

Every year I watch the heartbroken posts pour into the support group for parents of children with CD I created back in 2014.  Posts like this come every holiday.  Sometimes with descriptions of behavior that, if executed by an adult, would end up in jail time and a restraining order.

Nikolas Cruz, the Parkland shooter, whose history reads like a case study of a child with CD, called his mother a “useless bitch” when she took away his Xbox for not going to school.  For being a parent.  He also threw numerous object as a result.

Sure, he did this in November and not on Mother’s Day, but this could literally be a day in any one of our houses.  Enforce a consequence, child flies off the handle throwing things, destroying things, and hurling profanities at us.  Yes, this can even happen on Mother’s Day.  See why most of us don’t go out on Mother’s Day?

Yes, even on Mother’s Day our child might spew profanity at us, punch holes in the walls, set fire to the cat, try to kill our other child, or manipulate everyone around them playing everyone in the household off each other to create family drama.

Of course, it’s always sucky when this happens on a holiday.  But I think it’s worse on Mother’s Day.  Because this is the day we are supposed to feel loved and appreciated for our roles as mothers, and not be called a useless bitch.

But for most moms like me, Mother’s Day is just another day to be abused.

This year, countless mothers of children with CD will have insults (or possibly even furniture) thrown at them.  This year for Mother’s Day moms will be visiting their children in residential treatment centers across the US.  Many will spend the day visiting their child in jail.  Some will spend the day praying their child will finally be arrested and put into the system.

This year I will do what I always do on Mother’s Day.  Watch post after post pop up in the group about what a terrible day Mother’s Day was and offer hugs and empathy, using gifs of hugs to convey emotion and solidarity, trying to pick out a new gif for each person so they feel special, but running out of them anyway and having to recycle earlier images.

Even that little gif can make all the difference in the day of a mom of a child with CD because we are all so terribly alone, us parents whose children have CD.

So please, this year on Mother’s Day, remember that it is not a day of celebration for everyone.  If you know someone who has a child with CD, take a moment to send them a message.  Not one of those generic e-cards, or a mass-tagging of all your mom friends.  Send them a real message.  A personal message.

Tell them you know the road they walk is hard.  Tell them you know they are doing the best they can in an impossible situation.  Tell them that even though their child doesn’t see what a good job they are doing, you do, and you appreciate their work as a mother.  Tell them you love them.

Because Mother’s Day is not the day to feel like a useless bitch.




P.S.  Please consider donating to our STOPP GoFundMe this Mother’s Day.  The Society for Treatment Options for Potential Psychopaths is working toward making life better for people parenting children with CD.

The True Cost of Parenting a Child with Conduct Disorder

Today Sarabeth Grossman, one of the other Admins of Parents of Children with Conduct Disorder (PCCD), and I appeared on the Megyn Kelly Today show together to speak about Conduct Disorder (CD).  This show marked a number of firsts.

This was the first time parents of children like ours have spoken publicly, with our faces and real names, on national television.  This HUGE for us, to not only be seen on such a large scale but also to be so raw and vulnerable in so public a venue.

As I was walking onto the stage, Megyn greeted me with a warm hug, a smile on her face, and what I thought might be the beginnings of tears brimming in her eyes.  As she hugged me, she thanked me for coming on the show to talk about this issue.  It was clear from everything she said and did that she truly cared about us, our kids, and getting help for everyone involved.

As I sat down on the stage, under the bright lights under the watchful gaze of hundreds of strangers, I lost it.  I started crying.  (And then, of course, tried not to cry because I didn’t want to have my mascara run on national television!)

Sarabeth, who had been right behind me walking in, sat down next to me, and pretty much lost it too.  We were both crying/trying not to cry.  The show hadn’t even begun, and we were already crying.

One of the production assistants immediately ran over with Kleenex.  After wiping my eyes, I had to ask them what to do with the used Kleenex, which was all kinds of embarrassing.  I didn’t want to sit there on national television with wadded up used Kleenex in my hand!

It wasn’t until a little later I even realized why I had been crying in the first place.

I had been crying because Megyn had shown me empathy, and this was the first time anyone had ever show me any.

Sure, in my life, I have gotten some support and understanding from a few of my friends.  But mostly this happened after many, many hours of my explaining things to them.

I had never before in my life experienced empathy from a stranger.

Not around this issue, anyway.  And so, I started to bawl like a small child.  (I think I probably managed to hold it together a little bit, but this was my experience of it anyway.)

I was explaining to my husband the other day that there is a thing that can sometimes happen between women.  A woman will be going through something rough, her friend will go to hug her, and the first woman will say something like, “Don’t hug me.  I’ll start crying.”

Sometimes someone being suddenly nice to us can put us over the edge.  We’ve been holding it together for so long on our own that if someone shows us kindness and empathy, we cannot hold ourselves so tightly anymore.  Our wall melts.  The dam breaks, and the water comes gushing out.

Gull 1

This was the first time a stranger had shown me empathy and I did not know what to do with it.

I and every other parent I have ever talked to in PCCD over the last few years has lived a life of judgment, isolation, and victim blaming.  We are ostracized, avoided, and watch as the people in our communities form strong bonds with one another while actively avoiding us.

We do not have real parent friends who live near us.  They have all abandoned us long ago, because of our children, though they have told themselves it is because we are terrible parents.

Megyn has a segment on her show, Settle for More.  It’s about not “settling”.  Demanding more from life.

And in that moment she showed us true empathy, I wasn’t sure I could go back.  I wasn’t sure I could go back to not having that.  I was afraid her audience would reject us.  That the national audience would reject us.  That everyone would do what they have always done.  Blame us.

In that moment Megyn showed us what true empathy was like, I saw a glimpse of how it could be for parents like us and the stakes grew even higher.  I knew we were going on Megyn’s show to make the world a better place for parents like us, and children like ours.  But I hadn’t realized that world could actually include empathy for parents like us.  I figured the best we would get would be tolerance.

Megyn showed me how great people can be if they only take the time to understand us.

She showed us our first empathy.

My son just turned 18.  On a realistic level, I would say I have been dealing with his behavior issues and judgment and derision from other parents for 16 years.

16 years is a long time to go without empathy.

The other first for us was another moment that changed everything.  Sarabeth was talking about her son with CD hurting her other, younger son.  I reached over and took her hand as she sat on stage in front of hundreds of people, being vulnerable and showing a brief yet horrifying glimpse of her world.

It is a bit ironic that what I write to you now is all about empathy since this is essentially a trait of our children with CD.  They have none.

It occurred to me later that as I took Sarabeth’s hand on the set as tears brimmed in her eyes and the pain she had experienced was so palpable it virtually came off her in waves, we had caught on camera the first time any parent of a child with CD has ever reached out to take another one’s hand to help her bear the pain.

While you will be able to see that moment on camera, what you won’t see is the moment during the commercial break when Sarabeth and I talked about imagining what it would have been like to go through the worst of our moments with a friend who understood to just hold our hand and be there with us.

It was cathartic to imagine a world in which this happened, but it was also deeply painful to realize it didn’t, and we could have had and should have had that.

On an emotional level, the bare minimum a human being in pain needs is another human who isn’t living our exact pain in our exact house with us to hold our hand and just be with us in our pain.  It’s impossible to be emotionally healthy with no support system.  We do our best, we parents of children with CD, but human beings are social creatures.

Love Tree

If you would like a tiny glimpse of what this is like, give me two days of your life for a social experiment.  For one day, 24 hours, ask everyone in your house, everyone you interact with online, everyone you regularly communicate with, to act as though everything that goes wrong is your fault.  Have them criticize you.  Have them make snide jokes about you and your ability to, well, do anything.  How do you feel at the end of that one day?

Have a local buddy to do this exercise with.  Do not speak to them or interact with them at all on day one.

For the second day, repeat the exercise, but do it with your buddy – someone in your area with whom you can meet up and touch, showing empathy and reaching out for physical contact, sit with one another in understanding and talk about the similarities in your lives, and share your own personal stories of the derision and how it made you feel with each other.  Be sure to make physical contact with one another.  Tell me how you felt at the end of that day.

Now, imagine that first scenario is not a day, but years.  That is what our lives are like.

I will repeat:  On an emotional level, the bare minimum a human being in pain needs is another human who isn’t living our exact pain in our exact house with us to hold our hand and just be with us in our pain.

Yet, this was the first time this has happened for any of us parents of children with CD.  Parents of Children with Conduct Disorder currently has 446 members.  Out of those 446 members, only three have ever met in person.  Sarabeth, Dawn Davies (author of Mothers of Sparta), and myself.  We all met on the Megyn Kelly Today show.

And while I will be forever grateful to Megyn for shining a much-deserved spotlight on the issue of CD – this is not right.

It is not right that we are the only ones who have met.  It is not right that we are the only ones who have been able to hug each other, smile with each other, laugh with each other, cry with each other.

It is not right that every single parent of a child like ours has had to live in isolation for so long.

It is not right that it should have taken 17 people dying in Florida for us to be able to finally have this conversation.

It feels to me like something changed in the world after Nikolas Cruz walked into a school with a loaded gun and slaughtered so many people.  It feels to me like the world has finally had enough and is finally willing to do something about this problem.  Yes, many people are focusing on the guns.

But we are focusing on our part.  Which is to get people to understand what the warning signs are.  Which is to make people realize that CD is not a “mental health” issue.  It is a public health issue.

When John Donne wrote No Man is an Island, he clearly had not met a parent of a child with CD – because the one thing we all have in common besides our pain, our abuse at the hands of our children, and our ignored cries for help is that until we found each other, we all felt like an island.

During another of the commercial breaks, something else you won’t see in the footage, is Megyn leaning over to Sarabeth and I and telling us of an Elizabeth Kubler-Ross quote about beauty.  She said it reminded her of us.


“The most beautiful people we have known are those who have known defeat, known suffering, known struggle, known loss, and have found their way out of the depths. These persons have an appreciation, a sensitivity, and an understanding of life that fills them with compassion, gentleness, and a deep loving concern.”

Here was this beautiful, important, nationally recognized woman telling us we were beautiful.

After over a decade of being treated like a pariah, like we were crazy – like we are the ones doing the terrible things our children are doing, hearing someone like Megyn say something like that about us felt like magic.

We were thanked by staff, some of whom came to us with stories of people they knew who could use our group.  Everyone there seemed genuinely to care for us as people, and the importance of our message.

After being on Megyn’s show, I no longer feel alone.  I feel like I am, once more, a part of a community.  I no longer feel like an island.


No Man is an Island

No man is an island entire of itself; every man
is a piece of the continent, a part of the main;
if a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe
is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as
well as any manner of thy friends or of thine
own were; any man’s death diminishes me,
because I am involved in mankind.
And therefore never send to know for whom
the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.

STOPP – In the Name of Love

What you need to know about the Society for Treatment Options for Potential Psychopaths, why we exist, what our goals are, and why should you care.

The Society for Treatment Options for Potential Psychopaths exists because we believe the issue of psychopathy is best addressed before adulthood when a child’s brain is still forming. Our ultimate goal is to prevent or mitigate psychopathy through early childhood intervention, community dialog, and special residential treatment centers that have been trained specifically in Conduct Disorder (CD) treatment. You should care because CD is sometimes referred to as the “juvenile form of psychopathy” – in essence, children with CD are potential psychopaths.

We formed in response to the Parkland shooting because members of our affiliated support group, Parents of Children with Conduct Disorder (PCCD) saw their own children in each newly emerging report of Nikloas Cruz’s history. We finally had enough of screaming for help for our children and getting none. So, we took action and formed the Society for Treatment Options for Potential Psychopaths.

But seriously though. In plain English, what does any of that mean?

I want to bring up what I think is a huge issue within the already huge issue of CD and psychopathy. It pretty much makes zero sense unless you have been studying it for years. And even then, you have to really work to understand it.

I have been running a support group for parents of CD and only CD for nearly four years now. I read every book on the subject I can get my hands on, and in the end, though I understand it more than the average bear, I am still left with more questions than answers. Yes, the more you learn about something the more you see you need to learn, but the subject of CD/psychopathy is, in slang terms, redonkulous (more ridiculous than ridiculous).

There seems to be this weird divide in the community. The people who understand psychopaths don’t really treat them, and the people who treat them don’t really understand them. Meanwhile, people are suffering and no one is getting any better. This is something that takes years to treat.

But, kinda like a burst water main under your house, it’s also something we needed fixed yesterday.

Because CD, left unchecked, can turn into psychopathy, it is important to STOPP that progression. But how the heck do we do that anyway?

So, you want to understand psychopathy, huh?

In The Psychopath Whisperer: The Science of Those Without Conscience by Dr. Kent Kiehl, Dr. Kiehl does an amazing job of being an engaging storyteller, making the information in the book accessible to the general public, and still getting his science on.

But that’s pretty rare, in my experience. Without Conscience: the Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us by Dr. Robert Hare, creator of the Psychopathy Checklist (PCL) was a little less accessible, but still digestible.

Beyond that, though? Some of these books are darn near impossible to follow.

And that’s not right.


YOU already know a psychopath – probably more than one!

This issue affects every single person in the world one way or another. Most estimates say 1 in 100 people is a psychopath. Everyone knows 100 people. At least. This is about which person you know is going to hurt people.

This issue affects everyone and most of the information out there is overwhelming and intensely scientific. If you are ever going to understand it you have to have an insane drive and want to devote years of your life to figuring it out, as I have. Most people are not going to do this. And I don’t blame them. This issue has become all-consuming to me. To the point where I literally wished the other day there was a “discover the psychopath” video game so I could relax, yet still be thinking about this stuff at the same time.

That is the level of commitment it takes to understand the information that is out there.

And that’s not right.

Because psychopathy affects everyone, everyone should be able to understand it without needing to spend years doing research and getting a degree in neuroscience to do it.

As I said, everyone knows 100 people. Which means everyone knows a psychopath. You will likely be harmed by one or be close to someone who is harmed by a psychopath at some point in your life. My guess is it will be multiple times, not just the once.

Psychopaths are not slathering murderers, as Hollywood and most of the news would have you believe. Some do kill, yes, but that number is very, very small.

More than likely one will con you out of some money, screw you over by telling lies about you, steal something from you, gaslight you (make you believe something different than what you saw with your own eyes), and unless you have read for years about psychopaths, you will likely never know what hit you. They are charming and seem normal at first. They will get people to take their side over yours. They will convince people they are the victim and turn people against you.

And they will do all of this easily, instinctively, like breathing.

Simply put, psychopaths are mean people who will hurt you or screw you over and not care. They are born this way and their brains are different than ours.

We are trying to stop psychopathy. Because psychopaths hurt people.

And the only way to stop psychopathy is to get it handled when these people are kids. But no one is doing that. These kids are considered “untreatable”, but that’s just because no one has been trained in how to treat them.

If you had a rare form of cancer, you would go to the place that treated that form or cancer. You wouldn’t go to your primary care physician and expect them to be able to treat this rare form of cancer. That would be dumb.

But that is the approach we take with CD. It takes specialized treatment by specially trained staff. This can’t be fixed by your local therapist, school “psychologist” (who are almost never actual psychologists), nor by anyone employed by your local school district. It just can’t. I’m sure they mean well, but they don’t understand the condition and aren’t equipped to deal with it.

I love my primary care physician. But I wouldn’t ask her to perform open heart surgery on me!

CD needs people who know how to treat it. It needs residential treatment centers where all the staff is trained in treating CD.

And we need all this more urgently than you think. There are tons of studies out there, all of which give conflicting information. I have seen many different studies citing roughly 4-5% of children, but one study I saw claims 6-16% of boys and 2-9% of girls have CD.

At the moment, the best model we have is Mendota Juvenile Treatment Center, which has amazing results. I don’t know if it’s the perfect answer, but it’s better than the nothing we’ve got now.

It will take years to develop these special centers. Which is why it is so urgent for us to act RIGHT NOW. In that span of time children with CD will grow up and become psychopaths. The earlier we can find these kids and get them treatment, the better it will be. For everyone.

In short, the Society for Treatment Options for Potential Psychopaths exists to stop psychopaths by getting them treatment when they are kids. Our endgame is NO MORE PSYCHOPATHS. At least one psychopath in your life will hurt you or screw you over leaving you bewildered as to what happened. Or they will do it to someone you love. Or both. Again, this will happen at least once in your life. Probably multiple times.

Understanding psychopathy is hard. I don’t expect everyone to do it. But as we continue our work here, I will do my best to explain the problems that individuals with psychopathy and children with CD pose. I will do my best to break down the issues of treatment (or lack thereof) in plain English.

I will do my best to explain everything you need to know in plain English.

If we need you to do something, to take an action, we’ll let you know what that is. If you would like to join us in our mission, send us a message and we’ll see how we can work together.

We are not just a group of parents. We are open to anyone. Anyone who would like to help us stop psychopathy before it begins is welcome to join us. Parents cannot do it alone. It takes a village.

Enough is Enough, America. This Has to STOP!

“It is my firm belief that we have a very different job than most parents. CD, left unchecked, can turn into psychopathy. Not all children with CD grow up to be psychopaths, but many do. I am a very blunt person, and as such, my own personal preference is to refer to children with CD as “potential psychopaths”. I do that for several reasons. A child under the age of 18 cannot be legally diagnosed as a psychopath. Also, I dislike the term CD because quite frankly I do not think it sounds serious enough. And this is just about the most serious “psychiatric” condition out there for kids. There are so many syndromes and disorders these days, this is just one more in the alphabet soup – often to the point where people roll their eyes at yet another “disorder”. I think using the term potential psychopath makes everyone, including yourself, take the condition as seriously as it needs to be taken. As parents of potential psychopaths, it is our job to do the best we can to see that our children do not become diagnosable psychopaths once they reach adulthood, or, at the very least, do what we can to make them less of a psychopath (if they become diagnoseable as one) once they are legally an adult.”

~Excerpt from the Welcome Packet for Parents of Children with Conduct Disorder

There is a cancer in the world, America. Not just in America, but the whole world. I think if we are going to consider ourselves the “leaders of the free world”, we need to start acting like it.

If you have cancer in your body I presume you would not just ignore it and hope it goes away. Or decide you “don’t want to think about it”. I further presume that you would not think that cancer is a “private matter” discussed only with family and close friends. And finally, I presume you would not be ashamed of your cancer, or think it is your fault, or allow anyone to shame you for having cancer.

And yet we do this every day with the most serious condition there is. One that is far-reaching and wreaks havoc on not just those with the condition, but those surrounding those who have it. If cancer spread? How would you react then? If cancer were contagious? You’d take it pretty seriously.

More to the point, if your child had cancer? You would do something, right? Especially if that cancer could harm other children. For instance, we vaccinate our children against childhood diseases, because those childhood diseases can harm or kill.

We might not be able to vaccinate against cancer but we can treat it. Yet there is another harmful condition some children are born with that we do nothing about. This condition can have potentially deadly results at worst, and at best will “only” cause psychological harm to those close to the child, and later adult. This condition can be passed down to children or grandchildren.

This condition causes untold damage to untold numbers of people. Just one person can leave behind millions of dollars’ worth of damage in their lifetime. And that is only counting the monetary costs and not the physical or psychological ones.

This condition is called Conduct Disorder (CD), and those who have it are potential psychopaths. Current science seems to suggest that psychopathy is a condition one is born with and that the brains of psychopaths are very different from our own. A psychopath, described in two words is: without conscience.


If I told you my child had a medical condition that could harm other people, continuously, for the rest of his life, even potentially kill your child, and that this medical condition could potentially be cured, or at least mitigated by proper treatment, I’m sure you would no doubt insist that proper treatment should immediately be given to my child.

My guess is that you are a good person and you would likely insist on treatment for my child anyway. You don’t want a child to suffer. But on a more self-serving note, you would want to protect your child from potential harm at the hands of my child’s condition.

And if you learned that that condition was responsible for the deaths of 17 children just last week, all in one fell swoop, you would be outraged. You would be calling your lawmakers, your news outlets, posting on social media, calling for the free and instantaneous treatment of these children immediately before anyone else died. Before anyone else was harmed. Before anyone else had to suffer.

But no one is doing this. And I ask myself why, every single day.

Every week I hear from yet another parent whose child with Conduct Disorder has tried to kill their sibling. I ask myself why no one cares about these kids besides their parents. Every time I hear about another animal killed, or maimed, I ask myself why these kids are not immediately placed in residential treatment facilities and kept there until they are safe to be around.

I know you would take your child to a cancer treatment center. I know if you found out your neighbor had a child with cancer and they did not take that child to the doctor you would be screaming bloody murder. But you are silent about the child who manipulates, lies, steals, and rages around the house destroying it, from ages as early as three.

We tell ourselves that all children are born perfect. But this is not true. I have a dear friend whose daughter was born with a congenital heart defect. She got the appropriate surgery for her daughter, who is thriving. Every few years her daughter has to go in for another surgery. And her daughter continues to thrive.

We do not blame this mother (nor should we) for her shortcomings or tell her it is her “parenting” that caused this condition in her daughter. Nor do we insist that her daughter was born perfect and pure and could only later suffer from a medical condition if she were not a perfect parent.

Yet we do this every day to parents of children with Conduct Disorder. We insist that their children (all children really) are born perfect little angels and that it is only poor parenting that causes children to be plagued with this condition.

This is patently false.

Are there conditions under which children can be turned cruel, callous, unemotional, vengeful, and uncaring of anyone else’s welfare (and sometimes even their own)? Of course. But in my experience, this is not the majority of children with CD. In my experience, these children were born that way.

Regardless of the origins of CD, the important thing to know is how prevalent it is. In fact, potential psychopaths may actually outnumber children with autism!

Follow me here while I do some very quick (and very basic) math:

According to this Medscape article from 2016, the incidence of children with CD in the United States is anywhere from 2%-9% of the population.

The CDC reports 1 in 68 children have autism. Yet, two percent is 1 in 50. If we go with the much higher rate of 9%, this means that nearly one in ten children have Conduct Disorder.

Regardless which data you use, this means whatever way you cut it, more children have Conduct Disorder than have autism.

According to the Annie E. Casey Foundation, there are 74.2 million children in the United States. 2% of 74.2 million is 148,400. 9% is 424,800.

We have somewhere between 148,000 and 424,000 children in the United States alone who need treatment for CD. Go ahead and guess how many treatment facilities we have. Go ahead. Guess.

We have one. We have one treatment facility with 29 beds that specializes in this particular condition. Somewhere between 148,000 and 424,000 children who need treatment and 29 beds.

Let me repeat that one more time. Somewhere between 148,000 and 424,00 children who need treatment and 29 beds.

On Valentine’s Day just a few short weeks ago, Nikolas Cruz walked into a school and slaughtered 17 of his classmates. His history reads like a worst-case scenario playbook for CD. Obviously, I am not a doctor, and I am not diagnosing him, but I would be utterly shocked if he did not have CD as a child. I would be even more shocked to discover he is not diagnosable as a psychopath.

Now, I want to be clear, not all children with CD who grow up to be psychopaths will end up doing things like this. As I mentioned in I am the Frog, the percentage of psychopaths who are killers is very small indeed, or none of us would be alive if that were the case.

But, as anyone who studies psychopaths for a living can tell you, the wake of emotional, psychological, financial, and sometimes even physical devastation these people leave behind them is prolific.


Everyone knows the key to combating any condition is early diagnosis and treatment. Yet it is nearly impossible to get a diagnosis of CD for a child because no one wants to “label” the child. Could you imagine if doctors refused to diagnose children with cancer because they did not want to “label” the child? You would be outraged. So would I.

Cancer funding is in the billions of dollars annually. I couldn’t even find a budget for Conduct Disorder.

I will repeat again. Somewhere between 148,000 and 424,000 children who need treatment and 29 beds.

The more callous among you might say, “So what? What does it matter if your child doesn’t have treatment options? They are a monster.”

To those people I would say this:

Because my child might grow up to hurt your child. Heck, if my child goes to school with your child, they might hurt your child now. But for sure, any child with CD who grows up to be an actual psychopath, leaving my hopeful “potential” word behind will hurt someone.

They might not kill anyone, in fact, statistically speaking they likely will not. But they will hurt someone. This is not a “perhaps”, this is not a “maybe”. This is 100% set in stone. Psychopaths harm others and don’t care. They are without conscience, remember?

The only questions are: Who will they harm? How many will they harm? What kind of harm will they cause? When will they harm? How many years will they continue to harm others before they are caught and jailed? Will they ever be caught and jailed at all?

And that’s just off the top of my head.

Let’s not even think about my two most dreaded questions: Will they have children and pass this on? How many more generations of psychopaths will be born? Because let’s face it. These people are not responsible. They don’t care about consequences for themselves, let alone children.

I come at the issue of Conduct Disorder and Psychopathy from a Community Safety and Harm Reduction standpoint. Those of us with children who are potential psychopaths are trying desperately to keep everyone else safe. We are trying desperately to keep our potential psychopaths from becoming actual psychopaths.
But we cannot do that alone. We cannot do that with only 29 beds in the entire world.

I know you, America. You are the world leader. Let’s start acting like it.
We need your help in urging our lawmakers to push for funding for more treatment facilities like Mendota Juvenile Treatment Center. No parent can afford the ten to twelve thousand dollars a month these places cost. We need no cost access to these facilities.

We need these treatment facilities to be available to children before they are arrested for hurting people, because, as you see so well, waiting until Nikolas Cruz killed people was not an effective strategy.

That is why we are forming the Society for Treatment Options for Potential Psychopaths. Our goal is to bring awareness to the issues of potential psychopaths, and advocate for treatment options for these children before they cause serious harm. Remember, just because someone has the potential to become a psychopath doesn’t mean they are one. And we would like to see psychopathy stop in its tracks.

Our awareness campaign is just starting, and we will post action items and articles as they come up. But we need you to join us. We cannot do this alone. We need to you stand up and raise your voices with ours and say, “Enough is enough! This has to STOP!”

Conduct Disorder and IEP’s

This article will cover Special Education law in the United States and how it relates to children with Conduct Disorder.  Because people reading this will come with varying degrees of knowledge about the Special Education system, I have chosen to cover the basic workings of the system, laws, and IEP’s.  I begin with a background on Special Education, then move onto what an IEP is, and then onto how to refer your child for Special Education services.  I finally move onto how Special Education relates to Conduct Disorder, as well as a few other sections.  If you feel you already have a basic understanding of Special Education, feel free to skip the first three sections.  You can always come back to them if you don’t understand something.

In this article, you may encounter many new terms.  It may look like what we love to call “alphabet soup”; that is, an endless list of acronyms that swim about the page like, well, alphabet soup.  All of the abbreviations are used when dealing with Special Education.  Therefore, to help you learn these terms as we use them, once I have briefly introduced each acronym, I use it exclusively throughout the rest of the document.  You can find a glossary of all terms at the bottom of this article.

If you are looking for local help within the United States you can find your local Parent Center here:

Disclaimer:  Everything in this document is my own personal understanding of the laws and IEP process.  This is an OVERVIEW.  I am not a lawyer.  These are my own personal recommendations.  They are not a substitute for doing your own research and due diligence or consulting with an attorney.  In other words (and because I hate disclaimers) if you follow these recommendations and things don’t go well, don’t sue me, m’kay?

Background on Special Education

Navigating Special Education (SpEd) can be trying at the best of times, even when you have an “easy” diagnosis that no one disputes and is clearly spelled out as qualifying for services under the federal law known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).  But when your child has a diagnosis of Conduct Disorder (CD) this already difficult task can become downright Sisyphean in nature.

First and Foremost, you need to know that as crazy as it sounds, schools DO NOT use the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual (DSM) criteria when they are assessing a whether or not a child qualifies for SpEd services, and if so what they might be.  Which means that your medical diagnoses mean exactly diddly-squat to the school district.  The district does not care what the clinical definition of your child’s medically diagnosed condition is.  They care only how they, the district, define your child’s needs in an educational setting.

The school district has a legal obligation to identify, locate, assess, and serve ALL children residing in their district who might qualify for SpEd services.  This process is also known as Child Find or Search and Serve.  It is the district’s responsibility to locate all children residing within their district and offer them SpEd services whether or not that child is attending a public school.

The school districts are responsible for providing support as it relates to the child’s education.  They are not responsible for the child’s medical care.  Therefore the definition of a child’s disability is not a clinical definition, it is an EDUCATIONAL definition.

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The very nature of an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is that each educational plan is individualized.  It’s right there in the name (more on what, exactly, an IEP is later).  The services provided and support given in the classroom are based on NEED, not diagnosis.  For instance, just because a child has been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) doesn’t mean they automatically get to sit up front to keep them being distracted.  It is based on need alone.  Not all children with ADHD need to sit up front in order to access their education.

One of the tenets of IDEA is the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE).  What this means is that before we throw our SpEd students into a Special Day Class (SDC) and throw away the key (I can actually remember when this used to be done), we must exhaust all other avenues of support first.  We must first start with a General Education (Gen Ed) setting (Gen Ed is a “normal” classroom setting).  If the child is still not able to access their education in a Gen Ed setting (remember that term: “access their education”, because you will use it a lot when dealing with SpEd), the next step is to add in SUPPORT in the classroom, such as the Resource Specialist Program (RSP), which is a pull-out model wherein an RSP teacher will pull the child out for specialized instruction for a minimal amount of time during the week.

The very first thing that needs to be tried is Gen Ed, so in essence, if you are new to the IEP process, once your child has qualified for services, nothing should have changed except that your child will now have a legally binding document on his or her side.  Once your child has an IEP, putting your child into another classroom such as an SDC is considered a change of placement, and that cannot happen unless you agree to it.  If one party changes the placement of a student without the other side agreeing to it, it is called a unilateral change of placement.  Only you can make a unilateral change of placement.  This district cannot!

Students with CD are typically treated by school districts as Gen Ed students.  There are a few different ways to go about getting services for your child with CD which we will go into in a little bit, but first I will explain what an IEP is.

What is an IEP?

You will hear the term IEP bandied about.  It stands for Individualized Education Plan.  The term IEP can refer to a number of different things though as if the alphabet soup of Special Education wasn’t already enough to confuse you!  An IEP can be the plan itself, arrived at and agreed upon by the school district and the parents, eg:  “I don’t know what to do when X happens in the classroom.”  “Are you following the IEP?”

IEP can also refer to the actual physical document that both you and district sign.  THIS IS A LEGALLY BINDING DOCUMENT, SO DO NOT SIGN IT UNLESS YOU UNDERSTAND AND AGREE TO EVERYTHING IN IT.  Eg:  “I’m going to take the IEP home with me.  I want to read it over and digest it for before I sign.”  (Note:  School Districts will often try to bully you into signing right then and there at the meeting by saying something like, “Remember, we can’t start services until we get your signature.”  They may even tell you you cannot take the document home without signing it.  DO NOT LET THEM BULLY YOU INTO SIGNING UNTIL YOU HAVE READ IT.  They are banking on you wanting to get the services started ASAP because the process is so lengthy.  Yes, the process takes too long.  But I promise you, when it takes as long as it does, a few more days isn’t going to make an appreciable difference.  And if your child is old enough to be in the room with you for the process, this is a great thing for them to learn.  No one should ever sign a legally binding document without reading and understanding it.)

And finally, the term IEP can also mean the formal meeting where you sit down with the teachers, school psychologists, principal, RSP teacher, and/or district representatives (or any combination of these folks) to decide what will go into your child’s plan.  Eg:  “I plan on recording the IEP.  Please make note that I am giving you more than 24 hours’ notice of my intention.”  (Note:  Nowhere in the law does it say that if a parent records the IEP meeting that the district also MUST record the meeting.  I have, however, never come across a school district that did not also insist on recording if you do.  My child has been through five different districts.)  Always record the IEP meetings.


You might also hear the term IEP process, which will generally be referred to in exactly that way and therefore can be easily distinguishable from the other ways in which the term IEP might be used.  This is used to refer to the process as a whole, from the first referral for services to the completed document and implementation of services.

Remember always that IEP’s are about an access to education issue.  If you remember only one thing, remember to reframe every issue as an access to education issue.  Your child has CD?  Great!  What is the issue affecting his or her education?

Another important piece of the SpEd puzzle is a Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE).  It is what the school district MUST provide to all SpEd students.

  • Free: Just what it sounds like.  It cannot cost you money to educate your child.
  • Appropriate: This is not so simple and is often where parents end up arguing with the district.  Appropriate means what is appropriate to the child in question, not what is appropriate for other students.   For example, it might be appropriate for a child to receive copies of a teacher’s PowerPoint presentation in certain circumstances.
  • Public/Education: Both exactly what they sound like as well.

Always ask if the IEP constitutes FAPE.  Always.

SpEd and IEP’s are not just about grades.  They cover behaviors as well.  (Note:  This applies only to behaviors the child exhibits at school.  If your child is a perfect angel at school and then comes home and is a holy terror, the district does not need to assess for behaviors.)  Especially with children like ours who tend to have a myriad of negative behaviors, it is perfectly okay to ask early on in the process for Functional Behavior  Assessment (FBA) if you have concerns about your child’s behavior as it relates to his or her education.

As with everything in the IEP process, you want to request the FBA in writing.  You want a paper trail.  Back when I was a Realtor, my old Broker used to say leaving a paper trail was just like potty training a dog:  DO IT ON THE PAPER!

This is your new mantra with anything SpEd related!


If the school district tries to tell you you don’t need an FBA just yet (and they will!), make sure you request a denial in writing!  They will likely have a very different approach once they have to put it writing.  For a more in-depth look at FBA’s, check out this article from Behavior

Once you have submitted your request they will call in a Behavior Support Specialist (BSS) to complete the FBA to assess for and create a Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP).  If they try to get you to agree to a Behavior Support Plan instead, don’t.  You want the BSS to come out to assess the situation and create a BIP.  They are specially trained to do this.  Anything less is just the blind leading the blind.  Because let’s face it, if the teacher knew how to handle your child’s behaviors in the first place, your child’s behaviors wouldn’t be an issue!

Now that you know the basics behind what an IEP is, let’s cover how you refer your child for services.

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Referring Your Child for SpEd Services

Remember your mantra?  DO IT ON THE PAPER!

Everything, everything, EVERYTHING goes in writing.  You want to create a paper trail in the event the school district does not do what they are supposed to do (and believe me, they will).  If you have a conversation with your child’s teacher, send them an email reinforcing what you talked about earlier.  Eg:  “Thank you so much for taking the time to speak with me after school today.  I appreciate your concerns about my child, and I agree.  As we discussed, you will be keeping a closer eye on Ethan during lunch.  I really appreciate your willingness to do that.”

I highly recommend picking up a composition book and keeping notes in it of every interaction with every school district employee, no matter how small, for your own records.  NEVER tear a page out of it.  If you need to cross something off, go ahead.  Write everything front to back, in chronological order, dating and time stamping everything, leaving no blank pages.  In the event you ever need to go to court, a composition book like that will hold up as evidence in a way that a computer document cannot (computer documents can be altered).  I once had an issue settled almost immediately because I pulled out two composition notebooks containing over 160 pages of chronological notes!

When writing a letter requesting your child be assessed for SpEd services, keep it as simple as possible.  You could even write simply:  “Please assess my child for an IEP under IDEA.”  This is not the venue to vent all of your upset.  Do not turn this into your sob story!  The less information you give them in the letter, the less they can use it against you later as reasons why your child is not performing.

If your child has behavior issues as well (and I’m guessing most of our children with CD will have behavior issues) you could keep it as simple as:  “Please assess my child for an IEP under IDEA and perform an FBA to assess for a BIP.”

A 504 plan is like the little brother of an IEP.  It’s not legally binding on the school district though, so I try to steer toward an IEP whenever possible.  If your child is denied for SpEd services under IDEA, then a 504 Plan might be a second option.  Because the process to determine eligibility under IDEA is so lengthy, it is best to request an assessment for a 504 at the same time as you request one for the IEP.  Just add, “Please also assess for a 504 Plan” to either of the examples above.  For more on 504 Plans vs. IEP’s, check out this link:

Your child may also receive SpEd services under 504 if the 504 team agrees.  (This may or they may not happen with regularity, I don’t know how common it is, I only know that it is possible.)

If your child has ADD/ADHD, be sure to mention that in your referral letter.  That will help to qualify them under OHI (we’ll talk about that in a minute).

Please remember that each child is unique and you want the district to assess ALL AREAS of your child’s suspected disability.  These items will be individual to your child.  Remember that what the district is looking for is a severe discrepancy between ability and achievement.  If you know which IDEA category your child might fit into, list all of those categories when you refer.  For example, if you know your child has a learning disability, you could include the category Specific Learning Disability (SLD).  If you don’t know, that’s fine and you can just use the templates above, or use the sample letter at the bottom of the page, courtesy of Community Alliance for Special Education (CASE).

If you are using a doctor during this process, you need to have the doctor reframe his or her diagnosis toward eligibility for services.  Get a copy of the SpEd eligibility criteria to your child’s doctor and have them go beyond a diagnosis of CD and address the issue of how your child’s behavior is interfering with his or her education.

You want them to frame the diagnosis as “The child has CD (or whichever other diagnoses you are referencing) which makes him unable to see how his actions affect others, THEREFORE, you need to…”

You need to connect the CD with SpEd and how it is impacting your child’s education.


Once you have given the school the letter asking them to assess your child, the district then has 15 business days in which to get you a written assessment plan.  If 16 days pass and you still do not have a plan, you can choose to file a Compliance Complaint with your state Board of Education (Board of Ed).   Usually, with something like this, the school district knows that even if you file a Compliance Complaint against them, the Board of Ed has 30 days in which to investigate the matter.  And even if they are found to be out of compliance (and they will be) that is still 30 days to drag their feet, because if at day 29 they have given you the assessment plan to sign off on, the Board of Ed will consider it resolved and move on.

Once you have the assessment plan, do not just sign it and send it back.  Read it, make sure you understand it, and feel free to add in anything you think they missed.  I did this just a few months ago.  They called and asked why I had added the other assessments, but in the end, they did everything I added.

The district is also legally required to give you a copy of the school psychologist’s reports detailing the results of his or her assessments of your child prior to the meeting.  I have never been in or even heard of a district that did not take this to mean they could hand you the documents as you sit down to the meeting.  The law only says they have to give it to you prior to the meeting, but it doesn’t define that term.

As with everything, DO IT ON THE PAPER.  Submit your request in writing for a copy of the document prior to the IEP meeting.  Be sure to include enough lead time for you to digest it.  Eg:  “Please provide me with a copy of the School Psychologist’s report no later than five days prior to our IEP meeting on X date.”

Do not assume that just because you are dealing with SpEd teachers they know the law and will follow it.  I have never been in an IEP meeting with school district employees where I was not the one who knew the most about the law.  Not even the heads of SpEd!

Conduct Disorder – How Does It Fit Into IDEA?

While there is no specific designation under IDEA for children with CD, there are a number of ways to look at it so that your child could qualify for an IEP.  Remember that it is far less important why your child qualifies than it is that they do qualify.

If your child has any learning disabilities they may qualify under the Specific Learning Disability (SLD) criteria.  For more in depth information on that, visit this link:

While it does happen that children with CD can have CD and only CD, it is far more likely that our children will some other type of designation as well (also referred to as comorbidity or comorbid conditions), so it’s okay to focus on getting them qualified for SpEd services under their other disabilities.  A fairly large percentage of children with CD also have ADHD, as just one example.  Remember also that children who act up in the classroom very well may have an underlying issue at work leaving them unable to process the information given to them in the classroom, so always be sure to assess for Learning Disabilities (LD).  Again, each child is individual so you will need to engage in some detective work to find out which letters in the alphabet soup of SpEd apply to your unique child.


Other Health Impaired (OHI) is probably the most likely way your child will be qualified for SpEd services.  It tends to be kind of a catch-all for qualification.  This is a really great link to information about OHI, though I don’t know why they say there are 14 categories under IDEA.  There are not.  There are only 13.  I will assume it is a typo:

Notice that in section (i) of the OHI definition it says:   “Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as…”

This makes the OHI category very broad.  The inclusion of the term “such as” in the legal language opens that whole category up to interpretation, and you should feel free to make use of the broad, non-specific language in the law.

The other option for qualification for services under IDEA that might apply to a child with CD is the designation of Emotional Disturbance (ED).  One of the criteria of ED is “inappropriate behaviors under normal circumstances”:

The school district might argue that CD differs from ED based on our children’s conscious decision to engage in these behaviors (Eg:  Rather than lashing out in the moment at another child they perceive has wronged them, our children might very well plot and plan their revenge for a later time.)  I would actually argue that that constitutes “inappropriate behaviors under normal circumstances”.  If you wanted to get right down to it, you really could argue that that is a perfect description of psychopathy in general.  Pretty much everything they do (especially the children who have yet to develop any self-control) falls under the “inappropriate behaviors under normal circumstances” category.

The school district might try to tell you that you do not want to pursue an ED designation because you don’t want your children in a classroom with “those” children.  This is nothing more than a scare tactic.  Remember back to our Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)?  A designation of ED does NOT mean your child will be placed in a Special Day Class (SDC) for ED children.  In fact, the school district is required by law not to place them in an SDC unless all other avenues have been exhausted.

Congratulations!  Your Child has Been Found Eligible for SpEd.  Now What?

Now that your child has qualified for SpEd services, your job is not over.  The IEP will need constant tweaking.  Issues will come up.  Behaviors will happen.  When they do, remember to focus on the emotional side of the behavior PLUS the impact it is having on your child’s education.  Always ask yourself, “What is the adverse effect this behavior is having on my child’s educational performance?”

Again, any unwanted behavior is the manifestation of an underlying emotional issue, so when looking at these behaviors you need to ask why the behavior is coming up.  Is your child bored?  Are they frustrated because they are having a hard time understanding the material and feel stupid?  (This was a big one for my child, he would constantly ask why he was so stupid.)

If you frame it in that manner all of the time, the school district will have a very hard time indeed trying to convince you your child’s disability is not impacting his or her education and that therefore the school doesn’t need to do anything about it.

The school district may try to pull a fast one on you and tell you that your child is not holding up their end of the bargain.  Do not let them do this to you.  I have had to remind many a room full of district employees of this.  “I am doing my best to get my child to hold up his end of the bargain.  But whether or not he is doing what he is supposed to be doing, you are still required to follow this legally binding document.”


Post Script

One last note about our children.  For those of you who read my last blog post, No Quarter, remember that for our children it is imperative that consequences happen!  Whatever the IEP says the consequences for behaviors are must be followed to the letter.  Our children must learn early that their behavior has consequences.  MAKE SURE THIS IS IN THE IEP! 

If the school district does not follow through on consequences, file a compliance complaint.  Do this every single time they do not follow through with what is in the IEP, in regards to following through on consequences.  If our children learn they can behave any way they want and there will be no consequences, then they will behave any way they want.

If you have read No Quarter and don’t have time right now (I promise I’m not offended, it’s long) the basic gist is to never give our kids any slack.  No second chances.  Not ever.  Our children can be manipulative and often worm their way into being given “a break”.  Don’t let them.  Just trust me on this one.  You can go back and read No Quarter later for more information as to why that is.


A wonderful handbook, available for purchase, produced by the Community Alliance for Special Education (CASE) out here in California.  They were kind enough to consult with me on issues of CD and IEP’s.  Any mistakes in this blog are mine, I assure you.  Their handbook got me through many an IEP meeting.  I cannot recommend it enough.

CASE Sample Letter



Victor Verde

Director of Special Education

Local Unified School District


City, CA Zip Code

Re: Max Bleu

Dear Mr. Verde:

I am writing to refer my son, Max, for assessment to determine if he is eligible for special education services and support. He is not progressing in school. He is 7 years old and attends Harvey Milk Elementary School (child’s school of attendance).

**If you believe that your child may be eligible in particular categories, especially Other Health Impaired, Emotional Disturbance or Autistic-Like, you should specifically say so and ask that the assessment address those conditions. A standard special educational assessment looks at cognition, psychological processing, and academic achievement, none of which may be deficient in a student qualifying in one of the above three categories.**

(If you have specialized knowledge or know specific tests, you might add:

I request that the Local Unified School District (your District) conduct the following evaluations of my son:

(1) A psychological evaluation to determine his learning potential, using instruments designed for non-oral children such as the Leiter International Performance Scale-Revised or the Hiskey Nebraska Test of Learning Aptitude;

(2) An evaluation by a non-oral communications specialist. To my knowledge, the district does not have on staff any experts in this field. I have been recommended to Barbara Blanco, Ph.D. in non-oral communication, and unless the district has a comparable expert, I am requesting that you contract with Dr. Blanco to do the non-oral communication evaluation of my son.

(3) An occupational therapy assessment

Note: In every request for initial assessment, you should include a paragraph requesting that your child also be evaluated under the provisions of Section 504 for any “disabling condition” which would require service accommodations and/or services that will allow the child to benefit from public education to the extent that students without disabilities do. (However, do not agree to substitute a 504 assessment for a special education assessment.)

Such a paragraph might read as follows:

I also request that my son be evaluated under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 for the presence of any educational service need which may require any accommodation or program modification not available under special education or if my child is not found eligible for special education. I also request that the Section 504 Coordinator for Local Unified School District be present at the initial IEP meeting to discuss the results and recommendations of the Section 504 Evaluation.

I look forward to receiving an assessment plan in 15 days. I hope that these evaluations can be completed promptly. Thereafter, we can have an IEP meeting to discuss the results of these evaluations and plan for John’s continued education. Please ensure that I get copies of the assessment reports one week before the IEP meeting.

Sincerely yours,

Yolanda Bleu


Alphabet Soup – AKA Glossary

ADD:  Attention Deficit Disorder

ADHD:  Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

BIP:  Behavior Intervention Plan

BSS:  Behavior Support Specialist

CD:  Conduct Disorder

DSM:  Diagnostic and Statistics Manual

ED:  Emotional Disturbance

FAPE:  Free and Appropriate Public Education

FBA:  Functional Behavior Assessment

Gen Ed:  General Education

IEP:  Individualized Education Plan

IDEA:  Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

LD:  Learning Disabilities

LRE:  Least Restrictive Environment

OHI:  Other Health Impaired

RSP:  Resource Specialist Program

SDC:  Special Day Class

SLD:  Specific Learning Disability SpEd:  Special Education

No Quarter

When I began my journey with Conduct Disorder (CD) roughly four years ago, right after our son was diagnosed at the age of 13, I consulted with experts all over the globe.  They all said the same thing.  Nothing helps.  There is no existing intervention or parenting strategy that is helpful if you have a child with Conduct Disorder.  The only hope is that your child bumps up against the Juvenile Justice System.  Sometimes it works, sometimes it makes them worse.  No one knows why.

I have recently been given information for interventions that appear to be effective for young children, under the age of nine, and one intervention for children under the age of sixteen (links at the bottom of the page).  But, as this information came to me too late to be of use to my now 17-year-old son, and as I did not have any of this information when I began my journey, this is the story of how I made due with “nothing works” and cobbled together a strategy of my own.

Years ago, in doing my own research, I developed a theory.  One I tested on my own child.  Based upon current circumstances with our son, it seems to be working.

Upon receiving my son’s diagnosis of CD, I did what I always do: read every book I could find on the subject.   Knowing that CD is a precursor to psychopathy (also sometimes incorrectly called sociopathy) , I devoured everything on psychopathy (and sociopathy) and CD I could get my hands on.  As I read these books and articles, I began to see a very painful truth.

If I was in any way to become effective as a parent, I needed to come to terms with the fact that my child will hurt people, lie, cheat, attack, lash out, steal, and manipulate the way other children smile, share, play nice, get gold stars, and Student of the Month awards.  I would never have a normal child.  And I would never have friends the way other parents do.  Because one by one my child would make sure to alienate all of my friends and family.

So my husband and I came face to face with the terrible truth.  We were, and would always be, completely alone in this.

Once we faced this terrible realization, one we had always felt deep down on some level but never put a name to, we needed to take some time to grieve for what we had hoped our child might be.  My husband more so than me because he could not reconcile the fun and wonderful person our son could sometimes be with the terrible person he often was.  It broke my husband’s heart every time the beautiful parts of our child would melt away into the nightmare of CD.  And it broke my heart to watch his heart break.  That was actually the worst part of this whole thing for me.  Watching my husband’s heartbreak over and over and over again every time his hopes were dashed by CD.


But aside from the near constant heartbreak, my husband’s biggest struggle was feeling like the things our child did reflected poorly on HIM.  In this day and age where a parent is considered responsible for everything their child does, it is very easy to take every little screw-up by your child personally.  This is something my husband struggled with immensely.  He took the vast bulk of our son’s suspensions, thefts, or attacks on other children very, very personally.

My husband has always been more concerned with societal constraints than I am, so he was far more caught up in what people would think.  He took every failure by our child to follow the rules as though it meant he was a failure as a parent.  Every time other parents or teachers met us with disapproval or upset, he reacted emotionally and blamed himself, as though he had been the sole cause of our son’s constant screw-ups.

I’ve always thought the notion of parents being able to “control” their children, as though the children were not independent beings with a mind and will of their own, was a laughable one.  So I was far less bothered by what people might think about me when my child would misbehave, no matter how society tells me I “should” feel as a parent.

But when you have a child with CD, no matter how free-thinking you are, this notion of how it reflects on your character as a person and your efficacy and worth as a parent is magnified to an extent you cannot possibly believe if you don’t have one of these children yourself.  Because not only do you blame you, others blame you.  Often very vocally.  And so, when your child screws up (yet again), your immediate reaction is an emotional one.

And when a child with CD screws up, they REALLY screw up.  And it is darn near constant.

Parents of children with Conduct Disorder are left with an almost PTSD-like response surrounding their children. It is an automatic fear-based reaction.  It is pure dread.  Every time the phone rings, you jump, certain it is the school demanding you come pick up your child, again.  You know that the teachers are going to look at you and think (or even outright say) it’s your fault.

The fear is everywhere.  Every time you make a new friend at the park, you wonder how long it will take before this new friend finally decides that your child is a bad influence on their child and stops returning your calls for play dates (like they always do).  Every time you drop your child off with aftercare you wonder if your child will get kicked out of yet another program because of the way they behave.  And, when they are older, every time you hear a police siren you immediately check to see where your child is to see if they are the reason for it.  And on the days your child happens to be locked up in juvie and you hear a police siren, you turn to your spouse and say, “Well, at least we know it’s not our kid!”

We, as a society, are caught up in looking good.  What do the neighbors think when the police car is in front of our house (yet again)?  How will other parents perceive us when our child acts up (yet again)?  How will the school officials view us in light of our child’s horrific behavior (yet again)?   What will our families think when our child acts up at a family gathering (yet again)?

The harsh reality was that the only way for us to effectively parent a child with CD was to completely give up the notion that we would ever look good as parents.  Everyone would always judge us.  It would always be our fault.  Nothing we do would ever be right because nothing we could ever do would cause our child to behave.  Our child would always be “that” kid.  And until he turned 18, we would be stuck paying for every single criminal act he committed.  And we would be judged as if we ourselves had committed these acts, and would be shunned accordingly.


Oddly, once we came to terms with that, there was a sort of freedom in it.  Once we realized that nothing we could do would ever be enough or make us look good to our community we could stop trying.   And then it stopped ruling our lives.

It was a lonely sort of freedom, but it was a kind of freedom nonetheless.

And in that freedom, we suddenly had the space to tell the truth.

But before we could get to that place of freedom, we both had to be on the same page.  Like I said, my husband took all of these circumstances and our son’s misbehavior far more personally than I did. In fact, I had to wait for him to catch up to where I was.  To be okay with the harsh judgment we would forever face every time our son screwed up.  In fact, to expect it and anticipate and plan for it.

As you might expect, planning parenting strategies all on my own while my husband was still reacting emotionally didn’t go very well.  So I had to wait until my husband could find his own way to a space of being okay with the constant judgment. Then we could plan for it together.  But I had to wait for him to get there on his own, rather than simply because I told him that’s where he should be.  That is a huge part of being in a partnership: waiting for the other person to be on the same page with you.  There were many days I had to manage his feelings as well as our son, and be patient about it (I wasn’t always), but eventually he got through it and was ready to face the truth with me.

The truth is that we were completely alone in this process, and would always be blamed for everything that went wrong with our child.   No matter what we did, it would always be our fault.  And now, we had our freedom.

And so, since it would always be our fault no matter what, it didn’t really matter anymore.  We would always be “those” parents.  And suddenly it didn’t matter what anyone thought.  So really, what did it matter if they knew our child was a potential psychopath?  Magically, it no longer mattered if someone found out.  In fact, we started telling them.

If you are parenting a child with CD, raise your right hand and repeat after me:  “I solemnly swear to tell the truth, the brutal truth, and nothing but the brutal truth, so help me.”

When you have a child like ours, the truth must be brutal.  We had a potential psychopath on our hands, and even though we didn’t sign up for it, our job became to do everything in our power to ensure he didn’t grow up to be one.  Our entire life became about Harm Reduction for the community.  I was no longer acting out of love for my child, or even a desire for him to grow up to be happy.  I’m not saying I didn’t love him, I’m simply saying I was no longer acting out of love for him.  My sole motivation in my parenting was how do I keep him from hurting other people.  And let me tell you, that is a shitty place to come from as a parent.  To be more concerned about what your child might do to other people than you are for what might happen to your child.

But since 40% of children with CD grow up to be psychopaths that meant, statistically speaking, we had a sixty percent chance he would not grow up to be one.  And that’s not nothing.

We made sure everyone around our child knew he had CD and provided them with a reasonable understanding of what that meant.  That left untreated, he could grow up to be a psychopath. We told them to give him no slack.  No quarter.  No mercy.

We told them our child must learn NOW that the world has consequences when he misbehaves.  And while, of course, there must be (and were) consequences in our own home, real-world consequences must be given out by someone other than mom and dad, too.  Otherwise, if we were the only ones handing out consequences, our child would continue to spend the rest of his adolescent life blaming mom and dad for all his problems.  Because, of course, the only reason he was ever in trouble was that we kept handing out consequences.  “The only reason I’m in trouble is because you keep handing out consequences.  You just want to get me in trouble.”

He needed to see that trouble could come from someplace other than mom and dad.


We told everyone around us that our child could be given NO slack.  None.  No second chances.  At all.  Not ever.  Charges should always be pressed.  Always.  That the consequences needed to come hard and fast every time he screwed up.  He needed not to be able to blame his problems on what other people did.  He needed to get the message that HE was doing this.  To himself.

The disheartening part was that mostly they did not listen.  It took years before our plan was implemented by the school, the court, and probation all at the same time.  Though I know we will never know what might have been, I would love to know how different our lives might have been had everyone listened earlier.

When a child has CD, everyone and I do mean everyone MUST be on the same page.  Our kids cannot be given any slack, not by anyone.  Without everyone working together our children are doomed to fail.

We knew there was a chance this would make our child worse.  After all, no one knew what makes it worse or what makes it better.  We knew there was always that possibility of failure.  But in that case, it would most likely end up in our child being locked up more permanently, and, while he is our child and we love him, sometimes, when you are coming from a space of Harm Reduction for the community, that is the best thing for everyone involved.

Early on when I was trying to figure out what to do about my child, I binge-watched the TV show Dexter.  Not because I really wanted to watch it (I didn’t).  But because I had heard of something called “Harry’s Code”.  In the TV show, Dexter, a psychopath (the gruesome kind), is raised by his father, Harry, who sees Dexter for what he is.  Recognizing Dexter and his nature, Harry comes up with a code for Dexter to live by that allows Dexter to live in society while still honoring his nature.  It’s a sick show, one that was painful to watch (not to mention just plain gross), but I learned a lot watching it.  I didn’t get the “psychopath parenting tips” I had been hoping for, but I did learn rather a lot about the nature of a psychopath, as well as what the heck the rest of the world actually *thinks* a psychopath is, even if it isn’t true.  I learned enough that when I am explaining my child’s condition to a new person for the first time, I know to say, “We’re not talking Dexter here.  That’s not reality.”

The reality is that most kids with CD do not go around slicing up animals, and do not go on to become serial killers.  Remember my statistics from the last blog, I am the Frog?  If 4% of the population are psychopaths, and all psychopaths turned out to be serial killers I don’t think there would actually be enough people on the planet to sustain their killing sprees.

So we’re not dealing with serial killers here (for the most part).  We are trying to stop Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) from developing.  And the only way to stop someone with CD from growing into an adult with ASPD, at least that we knew of at the time, was to have our child bump up against the very real-world consequences of his actions.

The problem with that is that law enforcement has now been trained to cut an enormous amount of slack to children in order to avoid criminalizing them for the misdeeds of youth.  Even in the face of constant physical attacks on their parents, repeated shoplifting, destroyed walls and doors, threats of harm to others, and begging by parents to arrest the child.

I absolutely understand why we have become this way in the area of children and criminality.  I don’t even necessarily disagree with the changes or why they were made.  Of course, we should not criminalize children for acting out when their brains are not fully formed.  Of course, we should not ruin a child’s adult life with a criminal conviction that will follow them for the rest of their life.  Of course, we should not teach children the revolving prison door and institutionalize them.  Of course, they should be given second chances.

Of course, that is, for normal children.

But not for ours.

Our kids need to stop being thrown a life-preserver every time they end up in deep water.  Our children need to drown every time they put themselves there.  Without exception.  Otherwise, they will never learn not to do it.  Children with CD need to face the consequences of their actions.

And so, as a parent, the only solution is to stop throwing them a life-preserver every time they screw up.  Say it with me:  LET.  THEM.  DROWN.


For those of you who are staring open-mouthed thinking, “Wow, that’s HARSH.”  Yes.  Yes, it is.  It is very harsh.  But then, so are psychopaths.  Better they learn it now than cost millions of dollars in criminal damage years down the road.

I’ve come to terms with who my son is.  I see him very clearly.  And quite frankly, I think my ability to do that is in large part why we have been so successful with him.

What do I consider a “success”?  Well, for starters, my son sits in a treatment facility that he chose for himself at the age of 17, realizing he was never going to change his behaviors if something didn’t get interrupted.

For years we had been begging everyone involved with him not to cut him any slack.  He doesn’t show up for school on time?  Give him detention.  He doesn’t show up for detention?  Suspend him.  He gets suspended from school?  Violate his probation; put him back in Juvenile Hall.

Side note:  for nearly a year after his diagnosis at age 13, having been told by treatment professionals that our son’s only hope was to have Probation crack down on him, we called the police constantly, trying to get him into the system somehow.  Every single time he got picked up for shoplifting we would BEG the Loss Prevention people to press charges.  (They won’t, by the way, they are only interested in the $500.00 fine they are legally allowed to charge parents every single time a child is caught stealing something even if they recover the merchandise, and even if the merchandise is only an undamaged, unopened candy bar.)  Every single time he would bust a door or put another hole in the wall in our house, we called the police.  Every single time the police came we would ask them if they could arrest him now.  And every single time they would refuse.  Finally, we got lucky and his own stupidity got him caught doing something in another county, one where they DO go after juveniles.  And we will forever count that as one of the luckiest breaks to happen to us as parents.

So now we had him on Probation.  We were thrilled.  We would finally have some help!  We told them to violate his probation every time he stepped out of line.  And for years, no one listened to us.  Everyone wanted to give him second chances while they complained to us about how he was the most frustrating youth they had ever worked with in their entire careers (No, I’m not making this up.  Every.  Single.  Adult.  Said.  This.)  As you might imagine, cutting him slack never went well.  In fact, some of the last words I said to his (latest) probation officer were, “I keep begging you and begging you and begging you until I’m blue in the face.  You can’t cut him slack, ever.  Until you start listening to me, nothing is going to change.  Not ever.”

Finally, and oddly all at once, everyone seemed to start taking us seriously and finally began listening to us.  The kid finally started getting detention every time he didn’t show up to school on time (or at all).  He finally started getting suspended.  He finally started having his probation violated for getting suspended and going back to juvenile hall.  (These were not the only problems with him, far from it.  But they were the only ones for which any legal consequences could be handed out). And it started happening often enough that our son saw, FOR HIMSELF the pattern that was going on.  He came to the realization that the cycle was just going to continue if nothing changed.  And he finally wanted that change for himself.


I don’t know how things are going to turn out.  I don’t know if the interventions at the treatment facility will work or not.  I don’t know if, in eight months’ time, my child will go from having CD to having ASPD, or if we will breathe a sigh of relief that we were one of those lucky parents whose potential psychopath didn’t end up an actual psychopath.

But I do know that during his IEP meeting today, I found out my son, for the first time in his life, has a 4.0 GPA.  I do know that for the first time ever in his life, he has gone a whole month now with consistently good behavior.  My whole life as a parent, all I have ever heard about my child during an IEP (or any school meeting for that matter) is that he is disruptive, disrespectful, distracts other students, and refuses to do any work.  Today I was told the exact opposite.  He is studious, volunteers to read out loud, encourages other students, is respectful, and does all of his work.  I never thought I would ever hear that my son was one of the “more mature, hardworking, and respectful young men” in school.

I’m reasonably certain that it was the consistency and frequency with which the consequences kept happening, and from all fronts, that caused this change in our son.  I’m reasonably certain that it was our constantly explaining what CD was to everyone, what they needed to do, and how they needed to respond to him (sometimes until we were blue in the face) that caused everyone to finally start taking actions to help our son, even if it went against their desire to “be nice” and “cut the kid some slack”.  I’m reasonably certain they finally began to see they were not doing this kid any favors by cutting him slack because this kid was different.

And I’m reasonably certain that if this worked for us, it might work for other families too.

All we need to do is get everyone on the same page.
For quick reference, here is a list of bulleted steps we took to help our son:

  • Take time to properly grieve for the child you will never have
  • If you are married or have a partner, make sure you are on the same page
  • Realize there is nothing you can say or do that will properly “control” your child
  • Stop trying to look good to the outside world, you are always going to be the parent of “that” kid
  • Start telling the brutal truth about your child to anyone involved in his or her life: explain CD, what it is, and that if left untreated, it will turn into psychopathy/ASPD
  • Explain (and explain and explain and explain) that your child cannot be cut any slack and must have immediate consequences without fail every time they step out of line
  • Explain it again
  • And again
  • And again until everyone gets it and starts acting accordingly

And finally, here are the links I mentioned above:

I am the Frog

“It’s always the mother’s fault, ain’t it?” she said softly, collecting her coat. “That boy turn out bad cause his mama a drunk, or she a junkie. She let him run wild, she don’t teach him right from wrong. She never home when he back from school. Nobody ever say his daddy a drunk, or his daddy not home after school. And nobody ever say they some kids just damned mean. …”

― Lionel Shriver, We Need to Talk About Kevin

Of all the things I have ever done, starting this blog and support group is by far the scariest.  I know anyone else out there parenting a child with Conduct Disorder knows why.

Let’s face it. It’s always the parents’ fault.  Always.

When the Columbine shootings happened, I asked myself the same questions everyone else asked.  Where were the parents?  Where was the mother?  How could she not see this coming?  Now I wish I could go find that mother, give her a hug, and tell her I get it.

All parents harbor great hopes for their children when they are born.  You want them to grow up to be happy, loved, loving, kind, and fulfilled.  You love them with more of your heart and soul than you ever thought possible.  You hurt when they hurt, you laugh when they laugh, and sometimes you rejoice more over their accomplishments than your own.

Such it is to be a parent.  You love your children more than anything, and you would do anything to help them.  Or, at least you do if you are a good parent.  And I am a good parent.

I splashed in the rain with my son on rainy days.  I encouraged every interest he ever brought up even when it didn’t excite me.  I woke him up with smiles and tickles.  I painted with him, rode bikes with him, and played sports with him, even though I’m not into sports.

When I found out our son had disabilities that were making it difficult for him to learn, I researched them.  Not only did I learn about the disabilities, I studied hundreds of pages of Special Education law, and took a nine-month course on navigating Special Education, so I could make sure he was getting the help he needed from the school.  I became involved in the local Community Advisory Committee on Special Education, eventually becoming a Board Member, and even holding office.

When I needed to choose the right middle school to be able to deal with his disabilities (we lived in a large city with a choice of over 120 middle schools), I designed spreadsheets for the gathering of information, toured schools, and even sat in on classes.  This was a process that took over a month of my time, full time.  I put in more working hours per week than most workaholics do at their actual job.

Finally, when my son was being bullied in the carefully chosen middle school, I pulled him out and homeschooled him.  We found a great group of homeschoolers to hang out with, and I tried every version of homeschooling I could think of, from ready-to-go curriculums, to ones I carefully designed specifically for my son. We even tried unschooling.

In short, I tried everything a reasonable parent might have tried and then some.

When you are reading books on what to expect as a parent, among the lists of milestones and danger signs, the one thing missing from those books are the warning signs of Conduct Disorder.


To be honest, until a year ago, I didn’t even know such a thing existed.

My child is charming, sweet, funny, and poignant.  He’s not all bad.  But he has always been difficult to parent.  He is defiant, aggressive, and impulsive—that’s on a good day.  But his defiance, aggression, and impulsiveness go far beyond those experienced with a normal child.  Like any good mother, I tried to encourage the good behaviors while not rewarding the bad.  I will get into all the various things I have tried over the years in another post but believe me when I tell you that with the exception of beating our child, we have tried everything.

We even moved out of the big city to the suburbs to keep our son away from criminals and drug addicts.  The funny thing is that our son never touched a drug until we moved out to where it was supposed to be “safe”.

It pains me to write this, but my son has never treated me well.  Sure, there were wonderful moments, but overall, throughout his whole life, he’s been pretty terrible to me.  From the time he was small, he bit me, kicked me, head-butted me, and laughed about it.  And now that he is older, it’s a good day if I don’t get called a bitch.  We have holes in our walls, we have had to replace doors, and I have been a victim of psychological warfare.  I have been told by professionals, “You are his mother, he feels safe around you, that’s why he’s always lashing out at you.”  It is clear to me now those people were utterly full of shit.  Or just ignorant.  It was Conduct Disorder.

If I had a dollar for every time one of my son’s friends mentioned how awesome I was and how they couldn’t believe the way he was treating me, I could put our son in one of those expensive wilderness camps.  As one of his friends from back in the city put it when introducing me to a new friend, “And this is his awesome mother who he treats like shit.”  No joke.  Actual quote.

There is an old parable about putting a frog in a pot of water.  If you put the frog in the pot when the water is cold and gently turn up the heat, the frog will be so used to the gradual rising of the temperature that it won’t jump out even when it starts to cook.  When I look back at everything I realize I am the frog.

Believe me; I tried not letting him treat me like shit.  I tried many different tacks to get him to stop.  I got angry and yelled; I got sad and asked him why he would say things like that; I was unemotional in delivering consequences, and I ignored the hurtful things he did and rewarded only good behaviors.  This is by no means an exhaustive list of the things I have tried.

Fast forward to our move to the suburbs.  He is now in high school, but he’s still having trouble with school work. Hoping to get him the help he needs, we take him to a therapist that comes highly recommended.  During this time I began to see his behaviors in a new light – one that only shines on the face of a young man (who is getting much bigger than me) and not a little boy.

“I think my son my might be a sociopath,” I tell our therapist, “or at least he might become one if something isn’t interrupted.  He behaves like an abusive husband.”

I couldn’t have been more right.

After some observation, she came back and confirmed what I already knew deep down.


There were a few technical things I was not aware of like terminology.  You cannot call a minor a sociopath.  It is called Conduct Disorder (CD).  Once they are 18 or older you are free to call them a sociopath, but we don’t use that term anymore—it’s now called Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD).

There is some debate in the psychiatric community about whether to use the term sociopath or psychopath.  Depending on which books you read they may or may not be the same thing.  As of this writing, it seems the consensus is that they are the same thing, and currently get lumped under the umbrella of Antisocial Personality Disorder.

Though if you read The Psychopath Whisperer, by Dr. Kent A. Kiehl, you will learn that sociopathy and psychopathy are essentially the same outcomes as an adult, only you are BORN a psychopath or MADE a sociopath by environmental factors such as war, gangs, abuse, etc.

(Quick side note: both terms, sociopath or psychopath, conjure up images of Dexter, John Wayne Gacy, or Ed Gein – the inspiration for the main character in Psycho.  I assure you these people represent an infinitesimal portion of people with ASPD.  The same goes for Conduct Disorder.  We are not looking at serial killers here.  If you are looking up the diagnostic criteria for Conduct Disorder, please be aware that the behaviors of setting fires and harming animals do not need to be present for a diagnosis.  I can’t tell you how many times the person doing an intake would ask if my son ever set fires or hurt animals only to look puzzled when I said no.)

According to Martha Stout in her 2005 book The Sociopath Next Door, 4% of the population is Sociopathic.  That means that with a world population of 7.125 billion people, there are 285 million people out there with the condition. (Though I will be using the terms Antisocial Personality Disorder/Sociopathy/Psychopathy interchangeably throughout the blogs please note the term Conduct Disorder applies only to juveniles, and thus cannot be used interchangeably with the other terms).

Let’s now assume each of these 285 million people have two parents.  That means there are 570 million parents out there who are impacted by this condition and could use some support.  That is a LOT of people. There are over half a BILLION parents out there who need to find each other! That is why I am writing this.  More than a half a billion parents are dealing with this right now, but no one is speaking up.

If so many people are affected by this condition, why is no one speaking up?


I’ll tell you why.  Remember my Lionel Shriver quote in the beginning?  Everyone always blames the parents.

I spent a long time coming to terms with my son’s condition.  I blamed myself for a long time.  I kept running over everything in my head.  If only I hadn’t done this, or if only I had done that instead.  I even spent some time wondering what the hell I had unleashed on the world.  After all, I gave birth to him.  I brought him into the world.

If you are reading this and you are the parent of a potential psychopath (only 40% of those diagnosed with Conduct Disorder actually go on to be diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder), I am here to tell you it is not your fault.  From what I have read so far, it looks like there are brain anomalies and potentially other factors that are genetic in origin.  You might as well say it’s your fault that your child has brown eyes.

I will share some words of wisdom from some of the various professionals I have spoken to.

“There is nothing you could have done.  Some people are just born this way.”

“Your child cannot be controlled.  Please don’t take this to mean YOU can’t control him.  He cannot be controlled by anyone.”

Remember my words from earlier?  “I think my son my might be a sociopath. Or at least he might become one if something isn’t interrupted.  He behaves like an abusive husband.”

Knowing what I know now, I would amend that statement.  He doesn’t simply behave like an abuser.  He is an abuser.  Which is a terrible thing to have to come to terms with in your own child.

If you had a friend who was in an abusive relationship, you would tell them to leave.  At least, I hope you would.  You would tell your friend they didn’t do anything to bring on the abuse, nor did they deserve it, and you would tell them they are not to blame.

This is no different.  Except for one tiny little thing.

You are legally responsible for your abuser.  You cannot leave.  You cannot kick them out.  Indeed, you are legally responsible for providing them with food, clothing, and shelter until they turn 18—in some states, beyond 18.  Where I live, we can’t just kick him out when he turns 18; we have to serve him with a 30-day notice first.

Our son turns 15 in four days.  So unless something changes and we can find an effective treatment for him, it will be three years, one month, and four days until we are free from his abuse.  The police can’t do anything.  So far, there are no effective treatment options I have been able to find.

My hope in writing this blog is that other parents like me will be able to find each other and know that we are not alone, we are not to blame, and hopefully get the support we so desperately need.  I also hope that the treatment professionals will take notice and figure something out.  No one is helping these kids.  Treatment professionals don’t want to treat a psychopath.  Law enforcement doesn’t have any teeth when it comes to juveniles (that is a whole different post, coming soon).  A juvenile with Conduct Disorder?  Forget it.

This demographic of people with psychopathy is by FAR the most destructive and costly to our society.  If we can find a way to effectively treat them and halt their psychopathy, the benefits would far outweigh the cost.  According to this article “How to nip antisocial personality disorder in the bud”, published a few days ago in The Guardian, the cost of just ONE case of chronic criminality is estimated at 3-4 MILLION dollars.  (And yes, more about the rest of this article in yet another post coming soon).

I am not a treatment professional.  I am just a mom who finally got so fed up with the lack of resources for these kids that I decided to tell my story, in the face of my nearly crippling fear of being “that parent”.

But someone has to do something.  Someone has to open up that dialog, and publically.  Someone finally has to say out loud to the world about their own very real child:  We need to talk about Kevin.